San Francisco today is mostly populated with two kinds of people. The first group complains all the time about how much everything costs. The second has too much money to care.
Our recent Crunchbase analysis of unicorn creation and exits in San Francisco’s tech sector indicates that second group is on the rise. Big IPOs and acquisitions are happening at a steady clip, and new unicorns are rising from the fog-covered hills. That bodes well for purveyors of things like five-figure monthly rentals and $400 tasting menus.
But what about startups that haven’t made it big yet? Does the city of Uber, Airbnb and Dropbox still have room for entrepreneurs on an instant noodle budget?
In this second installment of our series on San Francisco’s startup funding scene, we attempt to answer that question by taking a look at funding trends across stages. Our core finding: San Francisco is still a major hub for new startups, but exits are heating up the most.
First, let’s look at seed. For entrepreneurs who need cash, it makes sense to set up shop somewhere with a lot of money floating around. That, along with a deep local talent pool, may explain why new founders are willing to accept the high costs of living and working in San Francisco.
Even so, there are limits. While San Francisco continues to spawn plenty of seed-funded companies, Crunchbase data indicates that the funding and round counts have slowed from post Dot Com-era peaks hit a couple years ago.
So far this year, 157 San Francisco startups have reported raising a seed or angel round, collectively bringing in around $200 million.1 At first glance, that looks like a precipitous drop from the past few years, as you can see in the chart below:
However, initial figures may be misleading. The numbers we cite here are based on reported data. Seed and early-stage rounds often take several months or quarters to report, and it’s not uncommon to see tallies done a few quarters later total 50 percent higher.
So, given the level of forecasting uncertainty, it’s probably too early to call a major slowdown in San Francisco seed funding. That said, it’s pretty clear, even from these preliminary numbers, that the city’s nascent startup scene is no longer in high growth mode.
What’s happening? Perhaps it’s all the multi-billion-dollar local companies sucking up the talent supply. Or millennials choosing to spend their time earning a paycheck rather than perfecting an elevator pitch. Whatever the precise cause, anecdotally, San Francisco residents say it appears the city’s tech circles are populated with more employees and fewer founders than a few years ago.
Still, we’d hate to give the impression that San Francisco is no longer a vibrant place for new startups. Certain spaces seem to be heating up, such as real estate, where fifteen San Francisco companies, mostly seed and early-stage, closed rounds this year, on track to well exceed 2017 levels.
Creative business models abound as well. There’s Aquabyte, a seed-funded company based in San Francisco and Norway that builds machine learning technology for fish farms. Elsa, short for English Language Speech Assistant, is a mobile app that uses speech recognition to help with accent reduction.
Meanwhile, on the real estate front, there’s HomeShare, a seed-backed roommate matching service that turns two-bedroom luxury apartments in three-bedroom dwellings using a high-tech device known as the partition.
Early Stage Is Holding Steadier
For a startup, getting early-stage funding is sort of like moving up from the partitioned room to the standard bedroom. You haven’t struck it big, but things do feel a bit more solid.
When it comes to producing companies that make it to this level, it looks like San Francisco is still chugging along. So far this year, at least 110 companies have closed early-stage rounds (Series A or B), bringing in roughly $1.6 billion. If things continue at this pace, the 2018 number will come in ahead of the prior two years.
In the chart below, we look at early-stage round counts and funding totals for San Francisco companies from 2012 to this year:
There are heavily funded companies in the early-stage mix this year, too, including a number of large rounds for enterprise collaboration and fintech. Two of the largest early-stage rounds went to collaboration companies, including Front App, developer of a shared inbox for teams, and Airtable, which makes tools for group projects.
On the fintech front, both Branch International, an emerging markets-focused app for providing credit, and Varo Money, a mobile banking provider, raised big Series B rounds. For some examples, we’ve put together a list of the 10 largest San Francisco early-stage rounds this year.
If seed funding falls, it’s likely early-stage round counts will show an eventual decline. For now, however, there’s still a plentiful supply of seed-funded companies launched in the past couple years that are ready for Series A and B. Plus, local venture firms have plenty of cash to put to work.
Late Stage Increasingly About Liquidity
Late stage encompasses companies at very different inflection points. It’s a category that includes everything from the $20 million software startup Series C to the billion-dollar pre-IPO unicorn financing.
Given that wide variation, it’s best to put aggregate numbers in context. Our topline figure for this year — that 35 San Francisco companies raised about $2 billion in late-stage funding — requires a bit of parsing.
But first, here’s a chart showing late-stage round counts and investment totals for San Francisco companies since 2012:
As you can see, it looks like funding totals and deal counts are trending down. But given the current exit environment, that’s not necessarily a negative indicator. While we’re seeing fewer big pre-IPO rounds for San Francisco companies this year, we are seeing more actual public offerings, including the massive debut of Dropbox in March and the offering of e-signature unicorn DocuSign this week.
There are some really big rounds in the late-stage mix too, especially for companies that deliver food and groceries. DoorDash, which delivers for restaurants, and Instacart, which provides groceries, raised $535 million and $350 million, respectively, in rounds closed this year.
All About The Ecosystem
Just looking at the numbers, the big picture is this: San Francisco is waist-deep in technology companies at all stages. To date, more than 1,400 companies here have raised $10 million or more in venture funding. And that’s just within city limits.
Given that concentration of funded companies, it’s no wonder life in startup-land seems increasingly crowded and costly. It may also be why many new entrepreneurs still feel that although they can’t afford to live here, they can’t afford to be anywhere else.
- About a quarter of the 2018 seed funding total came from a single, non-traditional financing: a $50 million infusion from WhatsApp founder Brian Acton to form the Signal Foundation, a non-profit led by creators of the Signal encrypted messaging tool that will build and maintain privacy apps.
Illustration: Li-Anne Dias